By members and collaborators of the Functional Imaging Laboratory


SPM is an academic software toolkit for the analysis of functional imaging data, for users familiar with the underlying statistical, mathematical and image processing concepts. It is essential to understand these underlying concepts in order to use the software effectively. A good starting point is the Introduction to SPM, by Karl Friston.

Online documentation

There is a new set of online tutorials containing step-by-step instructions to analyse exemplar datasets.

Peer reviewed literature

The primary reference for the theories underlying SPM are the academic papers in the peer reviewed literature. These are available via the Online Bibliography which organises books, papers and technical reports by year, category, author and keyword. An Annotated Bibliography provides a guide to the various papers.


Statistical Parametric Mapping: The Analysis of Functional Brain Images The book Statistical Parametric Mapping: The Analysis of Functional Brain Images (2007) provides the background and methodology for the analysis of all types of brain imaging data, from functional magnetic resonance imaging to magnetoencephalography. Critically, "Statistical Parametric Mapping" provides a widely accepted conceptual framework which allows treatment of all these different modalities. The book takes the reader from the basic concepts underlying the analysis of neuroimaging data to cutting edge approaches that would be difficult to find in any other source. The material is presented in an incremental way so that the reader can understand the precedents for each new development. This book will be particularly useful to neuroscientists engaged in any form of brain mapping; who have to contend with the real-world problems of data analysis and understanding the techniques they are using. It is primarily a scientific treatment and a didactic introduction to the analysis of brain imaging data. It can be used as both a textbook for students and scientists starting to use the techniques, as well as a reference for practicing neuroscientists.

The book can be ordered online via Elsevier or, e.g., Amazon.

Introductory articles are also provided in the earlier book Human Brain Function. PDFs of draft versions of book chapters are available online:


There is an SPM12 manual distributed with the software (spm12/man/manual.pdf), which is written by the developers. Much of the manual's contents are also available via the SPM batch interface. See also the release notes.

Manuals for SPM8 ,SPM5 and SPM99 (roughly applicable for SPM2) are also available.

Methods for Dummies

Each year our department runs a series of methods talks by non-experts. Course material from the previous years is available here.